New report examines Satoshi Nakamoto’s inconsistent British and American writing skills



On December 31, 2020, a new report was released that investigates Satoshi Nakamoto’s writing style, creator use of phrases, and spelling. The new exam shows Satoshi’s spelling and the US and UK wording indicates that it was very inconsistent and littered with spelling mistakes as well. Research suggests that the inconsistencies may have been made on purpose and may have been part of the safety of the inventor’s operations.

A closer look at Satoshi Nakamoto’s spelling and the inventor’s American and British English writing techniques

One of the most intriguing stories in the cryptocurrency space is the mysterious Satoshi Nakamoto, the man, woman or group who created bitcoin. Over the past 12 years, people have spent a lot of time researching the location of Bitcoin’s inventor, Satoshi’s writing patterns, and the many posts Satoshi wrote before leaving the community. On the eve of 2021, a study published on the site entitled “The Curious History of Satoshi Nakamoto’s Spelling Choices: Part 1”, A study that delves into the mystery of Satoshi Nakamoto.

New report examines Satoshi Nakamoto's inconsistent British and American writing skills

Researchers at examined Satoshi Nakamoto’s writing style, misspellings, and the use of American and British-English phrases found in the creator’s many posts. The study also explains how people often talk about Satoshi’s use of British English and how there have been a number of stylometry surveys that have produced little results. The researcher’s review also mentions the controversial Satoshi video series posted by popular Youtuber “Barely Sociable”.

“We have decided to subject the known writings of Satoshi (emails, publications and the Bitcoin white paper) to a more rigorous statistical analysis,” explained the researchers of “In the first part of this study, we examine his spelling patterns.” The author of the study adds:

Satoshi’s spelling was inconsistent in his choices between American English and British English.

New report examines Satoshi Nakamoto's inconsistent British and American writing skills

The report emphasizes that the emphasis on spelling is a “more objective mathematical approach and also takes less time.” The researchers therefore combed through all of Satoshi’s words and identified a number of interesting examples. “We managed to identify 108 of these cases. The distribution of these 108 occurrences is as follows: American – 52, British – 35 and misspelled – 21, ”the report notes. The report continues:

There have also been several instances where Satoshi used alternate spelling standards on the same day and sometimes even in the same message or email.

The report revealed that Satoshi’s spelling was “inconsistent” from the start. For example, the author notes how the inventor of Bitcoin white paper has the British spelling “favor”. However, at the end of the article, Satoshi used the American-English term “characterized”, as opposed to the British writing “characterized”.

“There is no apparent pattern in Satoshi’s spelling choices,” writes the author. “Also, sometimes Satoshi would choose different spelling standards for the same word (or words belonging to the same root group).”

Were Satoshi’s inconsistencies intentional? Or was Nakamoto a group of several British and American team members?

The study summarized all of the cases where Satoshi alternated between different spelling techniques and found six more days with those cases in addition to the white paper.’s study highlights the case where Satoshi chose to use the word “optimization“And the same day he wrote”optimization. Additionally, the article deals with spelling patterns made up of both Americans and Britons on specific days of the week.

“While Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays are dominated by American spelling, Tuesdays, Fridays and Sundays are more or less evenly split between the two, and finally, and Thursdays, British English takes hold,” says the author. “Although it is not clear what conclusions can be drawn from this, as it could also be random. We can also clearly see that Mondays were by far the busiest days of the week for Satoshi, followed by lazy Tuesdays. “

New report examines Satoshi Nakamoto's inconsistent British and American writing skills

Additionally, the report examines whether or not the writing could be Canadian and it also examines Satoshi’s use of American terminology. The study concludes that Satoshi did not usually use a spell checker and that the inconsistencies in the inventor’s writings could have been made on purpose.

“It’s possible that was part of the plan from the start – getting us off track with irregular spelling,” the study concludes. “Another is that the Satoshi team consisted of several team members accustomed to different versions of the English language. Or maybe Satoshi was multicultural, someone who lived in different parts of the English speaking world – or, say, just someone who was born in the UK and then worked as a programmer for a company focused on United States. And finally, it is possible that one of the English was part of his operational security but Satoshi was inconsistent.

Greg Maxwell asks r / Bitcoin admins to delete thread on Satoshi’s spelling study

Another interesting fact about this story is that the moderators of the Reddit r / bitcoin forum decided to delete a message about the study published by It appears that former Blockstream software developer Greg Maxwell known as “nullc“on Reddit, did not like the study for some reason. After some debate, Maxwell then asked the moderator dubbed “bashco” to “do something” about the post and the moderators quickly deleted the Reddit post on r / bitcoin.

New report examines Satoshi Nakamoto's inconsistent British and American writing skills

R / bitcoin moderators have been censoring for some time, but this report was by no means anti-bitcoin or pro-big block, the report’s author told “They just cannot tolerate dissent,” he said.

“I think he was frustrated that he couldn’t win an intellectual debate, so he did what they do best – censor, block and distort,” the researcher added to our press office. The author also told about the next part of the series.

“In the second part of our study, we will apply the approach of categorizing information to literary authorship conflicts developed by Dr Albert Yang et al to the texts of popular Satoshi candidates to see if this can help identify the human. or the men who created Bitcoin, ”said the author of“ Dr. Yang has managed to apply it successfully to cases as distinct as the attribution of 18th-century Chinese novels, Shakespeare plays, and the Federalist Papers.

What do you think of Satoshi’s latest writing and spelling report? Let us know what you think of this topic in the comments section below.

Tags in this story

America, American English, Bitcoin (BTC), Bitcoin Creator, Bitcoin Inventor, British, British English, BTC, Canadian, Cryptocurrency, Group Theory, Multicultural, Nakamoto, Satoshi, Satoshi Bitcoin, Satoshi Nakamoto, Satoshi Writing, spelling, writing inconsistencies

Image credits: Shutterstock, Pixabay, Wiki Commons, statistical graphics from, Reddit, Twitter,

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